Virtual option and stock trader called


Day trading is speculation in securitiesspecifically buying and selling financial instruments within the same trading day. Strictly, day trading is trading only within a day, such that all positions are closed before the market closes for the trading day. Many traders may not be so strict or may have day trading as one component of an overall strategy. Traders who participate in day trading are called day traders. Traders who trade in this capacity with the motive of profit are therefore speculators.

The methods of quick trading contrast with the long-term trades underlying buy and hold and value investing strategies. Some of the more commonly day-traded financial instruments are stocksoptionscurrenciesand a host of futures contracts such as equity index futures, interest rate futures, currency futures and commodity futures.

Day trading was once an activity that was exclusive to financial firms and professional speculators. Many day traders are bank or investment firm employees working as specialists in equity investment and fund management. However, with the advent of electronic trading and margin tradingday trading is available to private individuals. Some day traders use an intra-day technique known as scalping that usually has the trader holding a position for a few minutes or even seconds.

Most day traders exit positions before the market closes to avoid unmanageable risks—negative price gaps between one day's close and the next day's price at the open. Another reason is to maximize day trading buying power. Day traders sometimes borrow money to trade. This is called margin trading. Since margin interests are typically only charged on overnight balances, the trader may pay no fees for the margin benefit, though still running the risk of a margin call. The margin interest rate is usually based on the broker's call.

Because of the nature of financial leverage and the rapid returns that are possible, day trading results can range from extremely profitable to extremely unprofitable, and high-risk profile traders can generate either huge percentage returns or huge percentage losses. Because of the high profits and losses that day trading makes possible, these traders are sometimes portrayed as " bandits " or " gamblers " by other investors.

The common use of buying on margin using borrowed funds amplifies gains and losses, such that substantial losses or gains can occur in a very short period of time. In addition, brokers usually virtual option and stock trader called bigger margins for day traders. Because of the high risk of margin use, and of virtual option and stock trader called day trading practices, a day trader will often have to exit a virtual option and stock trader called position very quickly, in order to prevent a greater, unacceptable loss, or even a disastrous loss, much larger than his or her original investment, or even larger than his or her total assets.

Originally, the most important U. A trader would contact a stockbroker, who would relay the order to a specialist on the floor of the NYSE. These specialists virtual option and stock trader called each make markets in only a handful of stocks. The specialist would match the purchaser with another broker's seller; write up physical tickets that, once processed, would effectively transfer the stock; and relay the information back virtual option and stock trader called both brokers.

One of the first steps to make day trading of shares potentially profitable was the change in the commission scheme. Inthe United States Securities and Exchange Commission SEC made fixed commission rates illegal, giving rise to discount brokers offering much reduced commission rates. Financial settlement periods used to be much longer: Before the early s at the London Stock Exchangefor example, stock could be paid for up to 10 working days after it was bought, allowing traders to buy or sell shares at the beginning of a settlement period only to sell or buy them before the end of the period hoping for a rise in price.

This activity was identical to modern day trading, but for the longer duration of the settlement period. But today, to reduce market risk, the settlement period is typically two working days. Reducing the settlement period reduces the likelihood of defaultbut was impossible before the advent of electronic ownership transfer. The systems by which stocks are traded have also evolved, virtual option and stock trader called second half of the twentieth century having seen the advent of electronic communication networks ECNs.

These are essentially large proprietary computer networks on which brokers could list a certain amount of securities to sell at a certain price the asking price or "ask" or offer to buy a certain amount of securities at a certain price the "bid". The first of these was Instinet or "inet"which was founded in as a way for major institutions to bypass the increasingly cumbersome and expensive NYSE, also allowing them to trade during hours when the exchanges were closed.

Early ECNs such as Instinet were very unfriendly to small investors, because they tended to give large institutions better prices than were available to the public. This resulted in a fragmented and sometimes illiquid market. The next important step in facilitating day trading was the founding in of NASDAQ —a virtual stock exchange on which orders were transmitted electronically. Moving from paper share certificates and written share registers to "dematerialized" shares, computerized trading and registration required not only extensive changes to legislation but also the development of the necessary technology: These developments virtual option and stock trader called the appearance of " market makers ": A market maker has an inventory of stocks to buy and sell, and simultaneously offers to buy and sell the same stock.

Obviously, it will offer to sell stock at a higher price than the price at which it offers to buy. This difference is known as the "spread". The market maker is indifferent as to whether the stock goes up or down, it simply tries to constantly buy for less than it sells. A persistent trend in one direction will result in a loss for the market maker, but the strategy is overall positive otherwise they would exit the business.

Today there are about firms who participate as market makers on ECNs, each generally making a market in four to forty different stocks. Another reform made was the " Small Order Execution System ", or "SOES", which required market makers to buy or sell, immediately, small orders up to shares at the market maker's listed bid or ask.

In the late s, existing ECNs began to offer their services to small investors. New brokerage firms which specialized in serving online traders who wanted to trade on the ECNs virtual option and stock trader called. Archipelago eventually became a stock exchange and in was purchased by the NYSE. Moreover, the trader was able in to buy the stock almost instantly and got it at a cheaper price.

ECNs are in constant flux. New ones are formed, while existing ones are bought or merged. As of the end ofthe most important ECNs to the individual trader were:. This combination of factors has made day trading in stocks and stock derivatives such as ETFs possible. The low commission rates allow an individual or small firm to make a large number of trades during a single day. The liquidity and virtual option and stock trader called spreads provided by ECNs allow an individual to make near-instantaneous trades and to get favorable pricing.

The ability for individuals to day trade coincided with the extreme bull market in technological issues from to earlyknown as the Dot-com bubble. In March,this bubble burst, and a large number of less-experienced day traders began to lose money as fast, or faster, than they virtual option and stock trader called made during the buying frenzy.

The NASDAQ crashed from back to ; many of the less-experienced traders went broke, although obviously it was possible to have made a fortune during that time by shorting or playing on volatility. In parallel to stock trading, starting at the end of the s, a number of new Market Maker firms provided foreign exchange and derivative day trading through new electronic trading platforms.

These allowed day traders to have instant access to decentralised markets such as forex and global markets through derivatives such as contracts for difference.

Most of these firms were based in the UK and later in less restrictive jurisdictions, this was in part due to the regulations in the US prohibiting this type of over-the-counter trading. These firms typically provide trading on margin allowing day traders to take large position with relatively small capital, but with the associated increase in risk.

Retail forex trading became a popular way to day trade due to its liquidity and the hour nature of the market.

The following are several basic strategies by which day traders attempt to make profits. Besides these, some day traders also use contrarian reverse strategies more commonly seen in algorithmic trading to trade specifically against irrational behavior from day traders using these approaches. It is important for a trader to remain flexible and adjust their techniques to match changing market conditions.

Some of these approaches require shorting stocks instead of buying them: There are several technical problems with short sales—the broker may not have shares to lend in a specific issue, the broker can call for the return of its shares at any time, and some restrictions are imposed in America virtual option and stock trader called the U.

Securities and Exchange Commission on short-selling see uptick rule for details. Some of these restrictions in particular the uptick rule don't apply to trades of stocks that are actually shares of an exchange-traded fund ETF.

Trend followinga strategy used in all trading time-frames, assumes that financial instruments which have been rising steadily will continue to rise, and vice versa with falling. The trend follower buys an instrument which has been rising, or virtual option and stock trader called sells a falling one, in the expectation that the trend will continue. Contrarian investing is a market timing strategy used in all trading time-frames. It assumes that financial instruments which have been rising steadily will reverse and start to fall, and vice versa.

The contrarian trader virtual option and stock trader called an instrument which has been falling, or short-sells a rising one, in the expectation that the trend will change. Range trading, or range-bound trading, is a trading style in which stocks are watched virtual option and stock trader called have either been rising off a support price or falling off a resistance price.

That is, every time the stock hits a high, it falls back to the low, and vice versa. Such a stock is said to be "trading in a range", which is the opposite of trending. A related approach to range trading is looking for moves outside of an established range, called a breakout price moves up or a breakdown price moves downand assume that once the range has been broken prices will continue in that direction for some time.

Scalping was originally referred to as spread trading. Scalping is a trading style where small price gaps created by the bid-ask spread are exploited by the speculator. It normally involves virtual option and stock trader called and liquidating a position quickly, usually within minutes or even seconds. Scalping highly liquid instruments for off-the-floor day traders involves taking quick profits while minimizing risk loss exposure.

The basic idea of scalping is to exploit the inefficiency of the market when volatility increases and the trading range expands. When stock values suddenly rise, they short sell securities that seem overvalued. Rebate trading is an equity trading style that uses ECN rebates as a primary source of profit and revenue. Most ECNs charge commissions to customers who want to have their orders filled immediately at the best prices available, but the ECNs virtual option and stock trader called commissions to buyers or sellers who "add liquidity" by placing limit orders that create "market-making" in a security.

Rebate traders seek to make money from these rebates and will usually maximize their returns by trading low priced, high volume stocks.

This enables them to trade more shares and contribute more liquidity with a set amount of capital, while limiting the risk that they will not be able to exit a position in the stock. The basic strategy of news playing is to buy a stock which has just announced good news, or short sell on bad news. Such events provide enormous volatility in a stock and therefore the greatest chance for quick profits or losses.

Determining whether news is "good" or "bad" must be determined by the price action of the stock, because the market reaction may not match the tone of the news itself. This is because rumors or estimates of the event like those issued by market and industry analysts will already have been circulated before the official release, causing prices to move in anticipation.

The price movement caused by the official news will therefore be determined by how good the news is relative to the market's expectations, not how good it is in absolute terms. Keeping things simple can also be an effective methodology when it comes to trading. These traders rely on a combination of price movement, chart patterns, volume, and other raw market data to gauge whether or not they should take a trade.

A stock market simulator is a program or application that attempts to reproduce or duplicate some or all features of a live stock market on a computer so that a player may practice trading stocks without financial risk.

Paper trading sometimes also called "virtual stock trading" is a simulated trading process in which would-be investors can 'practice' investing without committing real money. This is done by the manipulation of imaginary money and investment positions that behave in a manner similar to the real markets. Investors also use paper trading to test new and different investment strategies.

Stock market games are often used for educational purposes. For example, investors can create several different positions simultaneously to compare the performance and payoff characteristics between multiple strategies.

A textbook may state that writing a covered call is synthetically the same as writing a naked putbut in practice there are subtle differences. With a paper trading account, an investor can set virtual option and stock trader called a bull credit spread and a bull debit spread simultaneously and watch how the payoff for each position changes as the market moves.

Other advanced strategies include leverageshort-sellingforex and derivatives trading. Successful execution and profit generation from these strategies usually require high levels of technical knowledge. Investors can test these strategies with paper trading to avoid taking on excessive risk due to inexperience. Various companies and online trading simulation tools offer paper trading services, some free, others with virtual option and stock trader called, that allow investors to try out various strategies some stock brokerage firms allow day 'demo accounts'or paper trading can be carried out simply by noting down fees and recording the value of investments over time.

The imaginary money of paper trading is sometimes also called "paper money," "virtual money," and " Monopoly money. Stock market simulators can be broken down into two major categories - financial market simulators, and fantasy simulators. Financial market simulators allow users to generate a portfolio based on real stock entries and help them virtual option and stock trader called with virtual currency. Most of the currently active financial simulators use a delayed data feed of between 15 and 20 minutes to ensure that users cannot use their data to trade actively on a competing system.

Some simulators can produce random data to mimic price activity. Virtual option and stock trader called purpose behind such a system is to let a person practice with fantasy funds in a real-world context so they can virtual option and stock trader called whether or not they would gain money investing by themselves.

Fantasy simulators trade shares or derivatives of real world items or objects that normally would not be listed on a commodities list or market exchange, such as movies or television shows. Some simulators focus on sports and have been linked to active betting and wager based systems. Some of them are open sourceand others are proprietary with the code being sold as valuable prediction market software. Stock Market virtual option and stock trader called engines can also be customized for other functions than just basic stock information tracking.

Other applications that can be implemented with this software include popularity tracking and ranking from a set scale rather than an actual numerical value. Virtual option and stock trader called market games are speculative games that allows players to trade stocks, futures, or currency in a virtual or simulated market environment.

Stock market games exist in several forms but the basic underlying concept is that these games allow players to gain experience or just entertainment by trading stocks in a virtual world where there is no real risk.

Some stock market games do not involve real money in any way. Players compete with each other to see who can predict the direction the stock markets will go next. Stock market games are often used for educational purposes to teach potential stock traders and future stock brokers how to trade stocks. Stock market games can also be used for entertainment purposes and to engage in fantasy trading competitions.

Some stock market games are not based on financial markets at all. These virtual stock markets are often based on things like sports or entertainment 'stocks'. Players are asked to invest in a particular sports team for example. If the team is doing well, the stock goes up and if the team is playing badly the stock value for that team falls. Another stock market game, Empire Avenuelinks a player's share value to their activity on social media sites thus motivating players to invest virtual currency in other players whose social media influence ranks highly.

Simulators could be deceptive or sometimes misleading, giving the beginner a wrong impression that virtual option and stock trader called trading is an "easy fill". These simulators are subject to criticism because they introduce to trading used virtual option and stock trader called do speculation that is considered negatively in the moral context.

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